Pasupatinath is one of the holiest places of Hindu people In Nepal which situated 5 kilometers east of Kathmandu City. Among the three trinity gods of Hindu people, the temple is dedicated to Shiva, the Lord of the entire living beings and the source of eternal bliss and peace. The two storied pagoda style temple glinted with the golden color roof is situated on the bank of sacred Bagmati river with silver carved doors in all four directions. Non Hindus are not allowed to visit the inner premises of the temple but allowed to view the temple from the east bank of the Bagmati River. On the same river banks, the cremation of death bodies by Hindu people can be seen. The Pasupatinath symbolizes Nepal’s national glory. It is centre of faith and religious piety of Hindus of the world.
The largest Buddhist stupa in the world is one of the religious focal point and meditation centre of Tibetan and Nepali Buddhist which is located on 7 km East of Kathmandu valley, which is listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. Twenty-nine Tibetan Gompas (Monasteries & Nunneries) around Boudhanath stupa make the place more attractive. The surrounding of stupa is full on restaurants, souvenir shops, traditional painting schools and many more.
The Buddhist stupa, which is located approximately 4 km west of Thamel is also known as “Monkey Temple” as there are holy monkeys living in the north-west parts of the temple. It is the fascinating and chaotic jumble of Hindu and Buddhist iconography. Historical records found on a stone inscription give evidence that the stupa was already an important Buddhist pilgrimage destination by the 5th century AD. Swayambhunath's worshippers include Hindus, Vajrayana Buddhists of northern Nepal and Tibet, and the Newari Buddhists of central and southern Nepal. Each morning before dawn, hundreds of pilgrims will ascend the 365 steps that lead up the hill, file past the gilded Vajra (Tibetan: Dorje) and two lions guarding the entrance, and begin a series of clockwise circumambulations of the stupa. The area surrounding the stupa is filled with chaityas, temples, painted images of deities and numerous other religious objects.
Kathmandu Durbar Square.
Kathmandu Durbar Square consists of various pagodas temples, former royal palace of Malla and Shah Kings and different artistic courtyards of different centuries. It is known as Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square, a name derived from a statue of Hanuman, the monkey devotee of Lord Ram, at the entrance of the palace. It is also called Basantapur Durbar because of the royal palace built by King Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1770 A.D. Most of the temples are built in between 15th to 18th century. The major attractions of the Durbar Square are Kumari Ghar (The Living Goddess) ,Kasthamandap, Maru Ganesh, Maju Dega, Shiva Parvati Temple, Taleju Temple, Kal Bhairav, Jagannath Temple, and courtyards as Nasal Choke ,Mul Choke and Sundari Choke. Besides the magnificent temples and shrines, it has other interesting aspects are various festivals , cultural activities and traditions people are following from centuries, which are presented in the Durbar Square. The major festivals like Indrajatra, Dashain, Gaijatra, Kumari Jatra Machchhindra-nath Jatra are highly celebrated in the premises of the Kathmandu Durbar Square. These are the best occasion to see the cultural performances for the travelers.